Beneatha Younger Essay Outline

Below you will find five outstanding thesis statements / paper topics for “A Raisin in the Sun” by Lorraine Hansberry that can be used as essay starters. All five incorporate at least one of the themes found in “A Raisin in the Sun” and are broad enough so that it will be easy to find textual support, yet narrow enough to provide a focused clear thesis statement. These thesis statements for “Raisin in the Sun” offer a short summary of different elements that could be important in an essay but you are free to add your own analysis and understanding of the plot or themes to them. Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from “A Raisin in the Sun” by Lorraine Hansberry at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent paper.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #1: The Roles of Dreams in A Raisin in the Sun

Each of the characters in the Younger family has a particular individual dream. One wants to move to a bigger home, one wants to attend medical school, one wants to rise above his conditions though does not necessarily have a plan to do so. Each person’s dream serves an important psychological function (i.e.: hope, motivation, direction) for the character; however, the dreams also divide the characters, creating conflict among them. Write an essay in which you compare and contrast the adaptive and divisive functions of dreams in A Raisin in the Sun. Consider whether there was a way to make each individual dream compatible with others’ dreams. If so, explain why the characters did not identify this alternative.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #2: The Significance of the Title “A Raisin in the Sun”

The title of Hansberry’s play makes a direct reference to the Langston Hughes poem, “A Dream Deferred." “What happens to a dream deferred?" asked Hughes. “Does it shrivel up like a raisin in the sun?" Consider the conclusion of “A Raisin in the Sun”—or lack of one—and write a persuasive essay on “A Raisin in the Sun” in which you attempt to convince the reader that Hansberry does or does not answer Hughes’s question through the actions of her play. Explain the significance of the play’s title as part of your discussion.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #3: The Development of the Younger Family

One of the most important themes in “A Raisin in the Sun” is the unity of the family. Initially, the Youngers are presented as a family that is loving but which experiences conflicts that intensify over the course of the play. Yet by the play’s end, the family members have been able to surmount their differences and support one another in the fight for a common cause: that of overcoming the racial discrimination they face as they prepare for their move to a new home in a neighborhood that was exclusively white. Write an expository essay on “A Raisin in the Sun” in which you observe how the Younger family develops, both as individual family members and as a family unit, during the play. Explain what variables supported this outcome, as opposed to a tragic ending.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #4 Gender Issues in A Raisin in the Sun

Generally speaking, the male characters in A Raisin in the Sun are portrayed as irresponsible (Walter), lacking in direction or authenticity (Joseph and George), or hostile (Mr. Lindner), while the female characters are responsible (Mama), ambitious and disciplined (Ruth), and supportively nurturing (Ruth). Write an essay in which you identify the gender dynamics in the play, considering whether the gender roles are as rigid or scripted as they appear to be. If you agree that the male characters represent mostly negative qualities while the female characters represent mostly positive characteristics, explain what Hansberry’s reason for employing such gender stereotypes might be. Additionally, indicate whether the stereotypes are open to changing by the play’s end. If so, identify the variables that made change possible.

Thesis Statement/Essay Topic #5: The Role of Minor Characters in “A Raisin in the Sun”

Oftentimes, seemingly minor characters can actually have great significance to either the meaning or the actions of the play. In A Raisin in the Sun there is a handful of minor characters, including George and Joseph, who are significant to the play. Choose one or more of the minor characters in A Raisin in the Sun and write an essay in which you analyze the roles that they play in the development of the thematic content of A Raisin in the Sun. Assess whether the inclusion of these minor characters is necessary to develop the play’s message.


This list of important quotations from “A Raisin in the Sun” by Lorraine Hansberry will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims. All of the important quotes from “Raisin in the Sun” listed here correspond, at least in some way, to the paper topics above and by themselves can give you great ideas for an essay by offering quotes and explanations about other themes, symbols, imagery, and motifs than those already mentioned and explained. Aside from the thesis statements for “Raisin in the Sun” above, these quotes alone can act as essay questions or study questions as they are all relevant to the text in an important way. All quotes contain page numbers as well. Look at the bottom of the page to identify which edition of “A Raisin in the Sun” by Loraine Hansberry they are referring to.

“That’s it. There you are. A man say to his woman: I got me a dream. His woman say: Eat your eggs. " (15)

Her speech is a mixture of many things; it is different from the rest of the family’s insofar as education has permeated her sense of English…." (17)

“Ain’t many girls who decide—to be a doctor." (18)

“Me and Ruth done made some sacrifices for you—why can’t you do something for the family?" (19)

“‘Seem like God didn’t see fit to give the black man nothing but dreams….’" (29)

“Yes, [he was] a fine man—just couldn’t never catch up with his dreams that’s all." (30)

“I don’t go out with you to discuss the nature of ‘quiet desperation’ or to hear all about your thoughts—because the world will go on thinking what it thinks regardless–" (89)

“There is always something left to love. And if you ain’t learned that, you ain’t learned nothing….Have you cried for that boy today? I don’t mean for yourself and for the family ‘cause we lost the money. I mean for him; what he been through and what it done to him. Child, when do you think it is the time to love somebody the most; when they done good and made things easy for everybody? Well then, you ain’t through learnin’…."(135)

“Yes, death done come in this here house…. Done come walking in my house. On the lips of my children. You what supposed to be my beginning again. You—what supposed to be my harvest." (134)

“No….You teach him good….You show where our five generations done come to." (137)

Reference: Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. New York: Random House, 1959.

Characters Dreams Deferred in Raisin In The Sun

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Although Mama, Ruth, Beneatha and Walter all live in the same house, there dreams are all different. All the characters want to for fill there dream but, what happens if these dream are deferred?

Mama is the head of the house. She dreams that her family will be happy and that her children have the best life they can have. She does what ever she can to make her children’s dreams come true.

Ruth is Walter's wife. Her dream is to have a happy family but she also wants to be wealthy.

Beneatha is Mama’s daughter. She wants to become a doctor when she gets out of college. She also wants to save her race from ignorance.

Walter is Mama’s oldest son. His dreams are to be wealth but at the same time wanting to provide for his family. His own personal dream is to open liquor store with his money he receives from Mama.

In ‘A Raisin in the Sun’, Lorraine Hansberry describes each of the family’s dreams and how they are deferred. In the beginning of the play Lorraine Hansberry chose Langston Hughes’s poem to try describe what the play is about and how, in life, dreams can sometimes be deferred.

Mama’s dreams were first deferred when she moved into the small apartment that the Youngers family stay in through out most of the play. She became too busy that she couldn’t accomplish her dream. She also could not for fill her dreams since she did not have enough money to do so. Her dreams were even more shattered with the death of her husband, but when she got the money from her husband’s death her dreams then became a reality again. Mama wants Travis to be happy and play in the garden but she cannot do this since they live in a dirty ghetto.

Ruth, whose dreams are the same as Mama’s, get deferred when the family are forced into there small apartment and there lack of money. Since she has no money she can not help her family as much as she would like to.

Beneatha’s dream is to become a doctor. She believes that her dream was deferred when she was born since she is coloured and a female. Although she fights this, her dream is deferred even more when Walter looses the money which she needed to get into medical school.

The final character is Walter. Although he has other minor dream such as opening liquor store, he has long dreamed of making his family’s life better.

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This is deferred by him being, for most of his adult life, a chauffeur. He hates that the he has a low-class, low-rate, and low-paying job. He feels that he is a slave who is trapped and desperate for the life of the rich white people.
In this sense he blames his race for his poverty. Walters eventually learns the greatest lesson of all, which is the message of the play. The message is that materials wealth is less important than his family and love. Walter realises this towards the end of the play and his dreams are brought back to life.

So I end of by saying, what happens when a dream of someone’s is deferred? Does it die forever or does it take on a different form completely?



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