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To Our Readers
To Our Readers
WHERE EXCELLENCE GUIDES THE SUCCESS
All rights reserved. No part of this Magazine may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, Electronic,Mechanical, Photocopying, Recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. While every effort has been made toensure accuracy of the information published in this edition, neither publisher nor any of its employees accept any responsibility for any error oromission. Articles that cannot be used are returned to the authors if accompanied by a self addressed and sufficiently stamped envelope. But noresponsibility is taken for any loss or delay in returning the material. Pratiyogita Darpan assumes no responsibility for statements and opinionsadvanced by the authors nor for any claims made in the advertisements published in the Magazine.
Year 5 Issue 54 December 2010
Dear Readers,It is with a great sense of pleasure and satisfaction thatwe are presenting to you the December issue of your favouritemagazine
As usual this issue of themagazine also contains useful examination-oriented reading material. If you read it intelligently and with proper understanding, it will certainly go a long way in enhancing your knowledge to face any competitive examination in future. As it is traditional with us, we always try to know and understand the demands of our readers, their suggestionsand changes in the pattern of competitive examinations. Wetry to include them as far as possible. It makes the magazine useful and to their liking. It is really encouraging for us thatour readers have unanimously endorsed the utility of themagazine, which, in their considered opinion, has no parallelin its field. A number of core articles on important world eventscontributed by reputed authors are given in this issue. Someof the representative articles are : IBSA—An Emerging Forumfor South-South Cooperation, Changing Face of Indian Women, United States and Iran : Relations of Unease, etc.The most important section of the Magazine contains anumber of question papers selected from various competitiveexaminations. These are fully solved with relevant hintsand clear-cut explanations. All efforts are made to give theirerror-free solutions. It is an additional speciality of themagazine. An intelligent study and practice of these paperswill be immensely useful in enhancing the knowledge of thereaders and their ability in solving objective questions in any future examination. We advise our readers to concentrateon these papers and get benefited in future. We have been frequently reminding you to know thereal secret of success. We again assert that it lies in you, in your enthusiasm, hardwork, determination, self-confidenceand above all in your will to succeed. The substance is thatit is you and you alone who can do it for being successfuland shape your future. An additional requisite for yoursuccess is proper guidance. This responsibility of giving youthe best guidance and reading material has been taken up by
which is all the time standing by youfor all that you require for your brilliant success.
Read Pratiyogita Darpan regularly and intelligently. Itgives you the power to master your career and shape your destiny.
With best wishes for your brilliant success and brightfuture.Sincerely yours,
$2,000 “No Essay” Scholarship Rules
Summary of Key Rules
- Open to all high school, college, and graduate students and those planning to enroll within 12 months.
- Applicant must be a legal resident of the United States. International students with valid visas are also eligible.
- Must currently attend, or within the next 12 months plan to enroll in, a high school or college listed on niche.com, or be the parent of a student who falls into one of those categories.
- Only one entry allowed per person per month. A new winner will be chosen every month.
- Scholarships or prizes will be awarded directly to the winners.
- Winners will be notified by e-mail and posted on https://about.niche.com/scholarship-winners/.
Complete Official Rules
NO PURCHASE IS NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN THIS SWEEPSTAKES. A PURCHASE WILL NOT IMPROVE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING.
The Niche.com $2,000 “No Essay” Scholarship (“Sweepstakes”) starts on March 1, 2018 at 12:00 AM and ends on March 31, 2018 at 11:00 PM for online entry (“Online Entry Period”) and on March 31, 2018 at 11:00 PM for the postmarking of a mail-in entry. Fastweb, LLC is not a sponsor of or associated with this Sweepstakes. The sponsor of this Sweepstakes is Niche.com, Inc. located at 5830 Ellsworth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15232 (the “Sponsor”). The Sweepstakes shall be subject to these Official Rules, and by entering, all participants agree to be bound by the terms and conditions herein.
ELIGIBILITY: THE SWEEPSTAKES IS OPEN ONLY TO LEGAL RESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES or INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS WITH VALID VISAS, THIRTEEN (13) YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AS OF THE DATE OF THEIR ENTRY unless specified differently in the “Summary of Key Rules” above. Employees and their families of the Sponsor affiliates, subsidiaries, parent companies, agencies and participating retailers (collectively, the “Promotion Parties”) and those living in the household of same are not eligible to enter or win. By entering this Sweepstakes, entrants agree to abide by all terms of these Official Rules.
The laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, United States apply to and govern this Sweepstakes and any claims must be raised and resolved in the Federal or state courts located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Void in Puerto Rico, all U.S. territories and possessions, overseas military installations and where prohibited or restricted by law.
HOW TO ENTER THE SWEEPSTAKES: There are two (2) ways to enter the Sweepstakes; (1) online (2) by submitting a mail-in entry.
HOW TO ENTER ONLINE: Please go to https://www.niche.com/colleges/scholarship/no-essay-scholarship to enter online.
HOW TO ENTER BY MAIL: On a postcard, handprint your first and last name, address, city, state or province, country, zip code or postal code, phone number, verify age eligibility, and (if applicable) e-mail address. Mail the completed postcard entry to Niche.com $2,000 “No Essay” Scholarship “Mail-in Entry”, 5830 Ellsworth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15232. ALL MAIL-IN ENTRIES WILL BE CONSIDERED ENTERED IN THE SWEEPSTAKES IN THE ENTRY PERIOD RECEIVED.
The Promotion Parties and any and all Internet server(s) and access provider(s), and each of their respective affiliates, subsidiaries, parent corporations, retailers and advertising and promotional agencies, and all of their officers, directors, shareholders, employees and agents, (collectively, “Releasees”) are not responsible for: any incorrect or inaccurate entry information; human errors; technical malfunctions; failures, omissions, interruptions, deletions or defects of any telephone network, computer online systems, computer equipment, servers, providers, or software, including without limitation any injury or damage to participant’s or any other person’s computer relating to or resulting from participation in the Sweepstakes; inability to access an entry site or any pages thereof; theft, tampering, destruction, or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, entries; data that is processed late or incorrectly or is incomplete or lost due to telephone, computer or electronic malfunction or traffic congestion on telephone lines or the Internet or any web site (including the entry sites) or for any other reason whatsoever; typographical, printing or other errors; late, lost, stolen, mutilated, misdirected or postage-due mail, or any combination thereof. Proof of entering information at an entry site or mailing entry is not considered proof of delivery or receipt. Illegible, incomplete, entries in excess of the stated number above and mechanically reproduced entries will be disqualified. All entries become the property of the Sponsor and will not be acknowledged or returned. False, fraudulent or deceptive entries or acts shall render entrants ineligible. By entering the Sweepstakes, entrants affirm that they have read and accepted these Official Rules.
WINNER SELECTION: Prospective winners will be selected in a random drawing to be held on or about April 15, 2018. Prospective winners will be notified by mail, telephone, posting on FACEBOOK and/or e-mail, within ten (10) days of drawing date and may be required to execute and return a Eligibility Affidavit/Release of Liability and (except where prohibited) a Publicity Release and (for U.S. winner) a completed IRS W-9 form within ten (10) days of issuance of notification or an alternate will be selected in a subsequent random drawing. Any prize notification or prize returned to the Sponsor as undeliverable for any reason will be awarded to an alternate. No substitution by a winner for his or her prize shall be allowed. All Federal, state, provincial, local or other tax liabilities are the sole responsibility of the winners. Acceptance of a prize constitutes permission (except where prohibited by law) to use the winner’s name, likeness and statements for publicity purposes without additional compensation or limitation.
PRIZES: One (1) prize of $2000 cash will be awarded each Online Entry Period.
The odds of winning are determined by the total number of eligible entries received. Only one (1) prize will be awarded to any one person and/or e-mail address.
LIMITATIONS ON LIABILITY: Releasees shall not be liable to winner or any other person for failure to supply the prize or any part thereof, by reason of any acts of God, any action(s), regulation(s), order(s) or request(s) by any governmental or quasi-governmental entity (whether or not the action(s), regulation(s), order(s) or request(s) prove(s) to be invalid), equipment failure, terrorist acts, earthquake, war, fire, flood, explosion, unusually severe weather, hurricane, embargo, labor dispute or strike (whether legal or illegal), labor or material shortage, transportation interruption of any kind, work slow-down, civil disturbance, insurrection, riot, or any other cause beyond Sponsor’s sole control.
GENERAL: By entering this Sweepstakes, entrants agree that Releasees shall not be liable for personal injuries, death, damages, expenses or costs or losses of any kind resulting from participation or inability to participate in this Sweepstakes or acceptance of or use or inability to use the prize or parts thereof including, without limitation, claims, suits, injuries, losses and damages related to personal injuries, death, damage to or destruction of property, rights of publicity or privacy, defamation or portrayal in a false light (whether intentional or unintentional), whether under a theory of contract, tort (including negligence), warranty or other theory. Winner releases the Releasees from any and all liability and responsibility with respect to a prize (including any property loss, damage, personal injury or death). Winner acknowledges the aforementioned individuals and entities have neither made nor are in any manner responsible for any warranty, representation or guarantee, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, related to the prize.
If for any reason this Sweepstakes is not capable of running as planned, or if this Sweepstakes or any web site associated therewith (or any portion thereof) becomes corrupted or does not allow the proper playing of the Sweepstakes and processing of entries in accordance with these rules, or if infection by computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, actions by entrants, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes, in the Sponsor’s sole opinion, corrupts or affects the administration, security, fairness, integrity, or proper conduct of this Sweepstakes, the Sponsor reserves the right, at their sole discretion, to disqualify any individual implicated in such action and/or to cancel, terminate, modify, or suspend this Sweepstakes or any portion thereof. In the event this Sweepstakes is cancelled, the Sponsor will conduct a random drawing to award all prizes from among all eligible, non-suspect entries received prior to the time of the action or event warranting such cancellation. If such cancellation, termination, modification, or suspension occurs, notification will be posted at the entry sites. ANY ATTEMPT BY AN ENTRANT OR ANY OTHER INDIVIDUAL TO DELIBERATELY DAMAGE ANY WEB SITE (INCLUDING THE ENTRY SITES) OR UNDERMINE THE LEGITIMATE OPERATION OF THE SWEEPSTAKES IS A VIOLATION OF CRIMINAL AND/OR CIVIL LAWS AND SHOULD SUCH AN ATTEMPT BE MADE, THE SPONSOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO SEEK DAMAGES AND OTHER REMEDIES FROM ANY SUCH PERSON TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. If a dispute arises about who submitted an entry on an Entry Site, the entry will be deemed submitted by the authorized account holder of the e-mail account entered. The authorized account holder is deemed the natural person who is assigned to an e-mail address by an Internet access provider, service provider, or other online organization that is responsible for assigning e-mail addresses for the domain associated with the submitted e-mail address. A potential winner may be requested to provide Sponsor with proof that the potential winner is the authorized account holder of the e-mail address associated with the winning entry and that all eligibility requirements are met.
NOTE: Internet entry must be made by the entrant only at the entry sites. Entries made by any other individual or any entity, and/or originating at any other web site or e-mail address, including, but not limited to, commercial sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering service sites, will be declared invalid and disqualified for this Sweepstakes. The use of any device or software to automate the entry process is prohibited.
WINNERS LIST: For an Official Winner’s List or a copy of these Official Rules, send a self-addressed, stamped envelope to Niche.com $2,000 “No Essay” Scholarship “Winners List”, 5830 Ellsworth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15232. Vermont residents may omit return postage for Official Rules requests. Official Rules are also posted at https://about.niche.com/scholarship/no-essay-scholarship and the Official Winner’s List is also posted at https://about.niche.com/scholarship-winners/.