Subject: Homi Jehagir Bhaba
Usage: Short paragraph/ Essay for school students/3 Minute children’s speech
Target Age Group- Students aged 10,11,12,13,14,15 years
Students of Class/Grade- 5,6,7,8,9,10
Homi Jehangir Bhabha was one of the main architect of India’s highly successful Atomic Energy programme and is fondly remembered as the father of Indian nuclear program. He was born on October 30, 1909 in Mumbai. He received his early education at Mumbai’s Cathedral Grammar School and subsequently took degree from Elphinstone College. Later, compelled by his father and his uncle Dorabji Tata,he went to the Cambridge University, for a degree in mechanical engineering. His parents hoped that he can join the Tata Mills in Jamshedpur on his return to India .
Homi Jehangir Bhabha’s family had a long tradition of learning and service to the Nation. His family, was close to Tatas, who had pioneered business in the fields of engineering,metallurgy, power generation, and science and education, in the early part of the 20th century itself. The family was also closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi and the Nehru family. Homi Jehangir Bhabha, after completing his engineering, shifted his focus to Physics. During the period 1930-1939, Bhabha Jehangir Bhabha carried out outstanding research relating to cosmic radiation which later earned him a Fellowship of the Royal Society .He was just 31 at that stage. In 1939,. Bhabha returned to India, and was forced to stay back on because o of the outbreak of the Second World War. He then chose to work at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, where Sir C V Raman, India’s first Nobel laureate in Science, was at the time Head of the Department of Physics. Homi J Bhabha was soon designated as Professor of Cosmic Ray Research.
For 22 years , which spanned from 1944 to 1966,Homi J Bhaba lead India’s atomic energy programe. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, one of India’s most reputed educational and research center was formally inaugurated in 1945 in ‘Kenilworth’ building, which was Bhabha’s ancestral home. Homi J baba is widely credited for shifting India’s Nuclear program focus to thorium based systems from Uranium as thorium was widely available in India.He was awarded the padmabhushan in 1954. Tragedy struck in his life when he died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc while heading to Vienna, Austria in 1966. He was on his way to attend a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The Atomic Energy Establishment at Bombay was renamed as the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honor
Category Essays for age 10-15, Famous People, Junior English essays, school essays, Science and Technology, Short Paragraph | Tags: homi J babha, simple paragraph about homi j Bhaba
The expansion of scientific contemplation in modern India can be credited to the scientists of the nineteenth century. They essentially shaped the way we live now and many of the scientific research work currently in progress follows the lead of these brilliant thinkers.
In the later half of the nineteenth century, Sir C V Raman brought about an extraordinary change in Indian scientific thinking. Dr Homi J Bhabha, known as the father of Indian Nuclear Physics, framed the future of Indian science. Dr J C Bose became a pioneer in the field of plant physiology, Dr Vikram Sarabhai developed the concept of atomic energy and industrialization, and Dr APJ Abdul Kalam contributed to the field of defence technology.
1Chandrasekhara V Raman
CV Raman was not only a great scientist but also believed in social development. In 1930, he won the Nobel Prize for Physics becoming the first Asian to do so. He is associated with the concept of Raman's Effect, which says that when a light passes through a transparent substance, it scatters.
Raman studied the concept of broken light and observed that "there were two spectral lines of very low strength (strength) parallel to the incident monochromatic light." This proved that any broken light was not monochromatic in nature even though the incident light was monochromatic. When scientists were confused whether the form of light was like waves or like particles, the Raman Effect proved that light is made up of particles known as photons.
Read: Remembering CV Raman: 11 facts about the Nobel laureate in science
2Dr Jagadish Chandra Bose
Dr Jagadish Chandra Bose is famous for the invention of theCrescograph that can record even the millionth part of a millimetre of plant growth and orbital movement. Dr Bose proved, by virtue of the Crescograph, that plants have a circulatory system. The Crescograph has also proved the fact that the upward movement of sap in plants is the doing of living cells.
Moreover, he was also the inventor of wireless coherer which was later modified by Marconi as the radio.
Read: How Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose proved plants have life 115 years ago
3Dr Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Dr Homi Jehangir Bhabha joined the Indian Institute of Sciences at Bangalore as a Reader at the request of Dr C V Raman. Soon, he became a Professor of Physics. It was here that he got the idea of building a research institute for some of the new areas of Physics. India's first atomic research centre, now known as the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) was established at Trombay, where Bhabha became the first chairman in 1948. India's first atomic reactor, 'Apsara' was also established under his authority.
Read: Homi J Bhabha's 106th birth anniversary: All about the father of India's Nuclear Programme
4Dr Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai
Dr Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was the key person behind the launch of India's first satellite 'Aryabhatta'. His studies of cosmic rays have made it evident that cosmic rays are a flow of energy particles with its source in outer space. On their way to earth, they are influenced by solar energy, and the earth's atmosphere and magnetism.
Dr Sarabhai established many institutes, which are of international standing. The most notable among them are the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), which are considered outstanding for their management study programmes. Under his supervision, the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) was set up. He wanted to take education to villages through satellite communication.
Read: Remembering Vikram Sarabhai: 11 facts about the Father of Indian Space Programme
5Dr A P J Abdul Kalam
Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, the eleventh President of India, was born on October 15, 1931. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his contributions in the field of science and engineering. He developed the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV 3) at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, which put the satellite Rohini into orbit.
Read: What APJ Abdul Kalam expected from India's education system